Frequent question: How does the respiratory system compensate for metabolic alkalosis quizlet?

How does the respiratory system compensate for metabolic alkalosis?

Your body compensates for both alkalosis and acidosis mainly through your lungs. The lungs change the alkalinity of your blood by allowing more or less carbon dioxide to escape as you breathe. The kidneys also play a role by controlling the elimination of bicarbonate ions.

What is a compensatory mechanism for metabolic alkalosis quizlet?

respiratory compensation for metabolic alkalosis occurs when the elevated pH inhibits the respiratroy center. the rate and depth of ventilation are decreased, causing retention of carbon dioxide. the ratio of HCO3 to H2CO3 is reduced toward normal.

How does Respiratory Compensation treat metabolic acidosis?

Respiratory treatments for metabolic acidosis include:

  1. bronchodilator medications (Ventolin inhaler)
  2. steroid drugs.
  3. oxygen.
  4. ventilation machine (CPAP or BiPaP)
  5. breathing machine (for severe cases)
  6. treatment to stop smoking.

Is the respiratory system is the major compensatory mechanism for respiratory acidosis?

For metabolic disturbances caused by increased or decreased nonvolatile acid, the response is respiratory; for primary respiratory acidosis and alkalosis, the compensation is renal (Table 120-4).

What compensatory mechanism should be done in case of respiratory acidosis quizlet?

How do the kidneys compensate for respiratory acidosis? Kidneys conserve bicarb and secrete hydrogen ions into the urine.

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Which of the following is a compensatory response by the body for metabolic acidosis?

As a compensatory mechanism, metabolic acidosis leads to alveolar hyperventilation with a fall in PaCO2.

What is the compensation for metabolic alkalosis?


Disorder Expected compensation Correction factor
Metabolic acidosis PaCO2 = (1.5 x [HCO3-]) +8 ± 2
Acute respiratory acidosis Increase in [HCO3-]= ∆ PaCO2/10 ± 3
Chronic respiratory acidosis (3-5 days) Increase in [HCO3-]= 3.5(∆ PaCO2/10)
Metabolic alkalosis Increase in PaCO2 = 40 + 0.6(∆HCO3-)