For example, bottom-up planning focuses on specific products or services of a company in a particular region and is based on sales forecast data and other information such as production capacity, department specific costs, and a subjective assessment of market trends by the planner.
Top-down planning aims to take a company from general endeavours to specific goals, whereas bottom-up planning is a tactic that synchronizes specific targets into a general framework. However, as you will see in this article, these two opposing strategies often go hand in hand in practical applications.
Bottom-up approaches emphasise the participation of the local community in development initiatives so that they can select their own goals and the means of achieving them. They also ensure community ownership, and commitment and accountability to the development project as it seeks development from below.
Each approach can be quite simple—the top-down approach goes from the general to the specific, and the bottom-up approach begins at the specific and moves to the general. These methods are possible approaches for a wide range of endeavors, such as goal setting, budgeting, and forecasting.
A bottom-up approach can help change that. Projects or ideas are collaboratively decided on, and employees will feel more closely aligned with the company strategy and their supervisors’ expectations. This means they can go ahead and execute, confident that their work provides value to their team and company.
: progressing upward from the lowest levels (as of a stratified organization or system) bottom-up management.
What are the 3 levels of planning?
There are three major types of planning, which include operational, tactical and strategic planning.
The bottom-up approach to project management means that you begin with brainstorming possible solutions to meet that final deliverable. In other words, you know what the project goal is, but are not sure (yet) how to get there.
The bottom-up approach means that local actors participate in decision-making about the strategy and in the selection of the priorities to be pursued in their local area.
Bottom-up development schemes are projects that are planned and controlled by local communities to help their local periphery area. They are not expensive because they use smaller, more appropriate technology, which the local people will have to pay for.