What is a top-down development?
top-down development An approach to program development in which progress is made by defining required elements in terms of more basic elements, beginning with the required program and ending when the implementation language is reached. … Compare bottom-up development.
bottom-up development An approach to program development in which progress is made by composition of available elements, beginning with the primitive elements provided by the implementation language and ending when the desired program is reached.
What is top-down development example?
Some strategies can have a top-down approach. This means that management and funding is imposed from the top such as by the national government. One example of a top-down strategy aiming the help bridge the development gap is debt relief. This can be done by countries or IGOs cutting or cancelling nation’s debt.
Top-down planning traditionally involves the definition of corporate goals and their subdivision into specific goals, which are then dealt with in phases. … The aim of bottom-up planning, or progressive planning, is to create a plan at a lower, meaningful classification level and then develop it to the higher level.
Bottom-up case study – Micro-hydro scheme, Peru
Micro hydro projects are an example of a bottom-up development scheme because instead of using expensive technology which will require large loans from other countries or TNCs, they use appropriate, affordable technology and involve local people in the whole process.
The top-down approach relies on higher authority figures to determine larger goals that will filter down to the tasks of lower level employees. In comparison, the bottom-up style of communication features a decision-making process that gives the entire staff a voice in company goals.
India is ranked 102nd in the Global Hunger Index, 2019. … India’s citizens have been let down by a flawed economic model which both political dispensations have adopted. Its premise is that growth at the top will pull the bottom up.
What is a top down assessment?
Top-Down Assessment. A high level review that focuses primarily on the system level with less detail applied to the condition of the individual assets or components within a facility.
In accounts of foreign-language listening and reading, perceptual information is often described as ‘bottom-up’, while information provided by context is said to be ‘top-down’.
What are the advantages of top-down development?
The advantage of this approach is that decisions can be made and implemented very quickly. This is particularly important when time is limited. The other benefit of top-down project planning is that it helps align the project goals with the organization’s strategic goals as upper management is giving the directions.