A bottom-up approach is a way of making corporate decisions that starts from the bottom of the hierarchy, rather than at the top. In practice, this means that the CEO or head of the department won’t be the one making all decisions (that’s called a top-down approach).
Which of the following is an example of top-down approach for the preparation of nanomaterials? Explanation: Mechanical grinding is an example of top-down approach for the preparation of nanomaterials. All the other options are the example of bottom-up approach.
The approach adopted by qualitative researchers tends to be inductive which means that they develop a theory or look for a pattern of meaning on the basis of the data that they have collected. This involves a move from the specific to the general and is sometimes called a bottom-up approach.
Bottom-up management occurs when goals, projects, and tasks are informed largely by employee feedback. Employees are invited to participate in goal setting – sometimes simply with feedback, sometimes with a stake in the decision. These goals, projects, and tasks are then communicated by each team to senior leadership.
In principle two approaches can be applied to synthesise Si NWs and Si/Ge NW heterostructures: i) the ‘top-down’ approach and ii) the ‘bottom-up’ approach. … In contrast, the top-down approach is based on etching techniques, for instance metal-assisted wet chemical etching or reactive ion etching (RIE).
Phrases such as “self-directed,” “inquiry-based,” and “student agency” all fit under the umbrella known as bottom-up education. In this approach, the student starts with a topic or a question, performs self-directed research or experimentation, and ultimately, arrives at explicit knowledge.
In a bottom-up marketing strategy, your employees are tasked with finding the one thing that competitors are not doing that customers need. In addition to listening to customer feedback, your employees must also analyze the competition. … Your marketing strategy can then be built around this one concept.
Bottom-up. Bottom-up development schemes are projects that are planned and controlled by local communities to help their local periphery area. They are not expensive because they use smaller, more appropriate technology, which the local people will have to pay for.